The archeological and DNA evidence suggeststhat we share much genes with people who moved here through Siberia and somegenes with people who moved here via South Asia. We share folklore andmythology (shamanistic rituals) with people who live in Siberia/Mongolia. Thereare neolithic stone dolmens scattered all over Northern China and Siberia thatare also in Korea.
The more interesting story is that therewas a tiger and a bear and they wanted to become human. So the God of the Skytold them he could transform them into humans if they could stay for 40 days ina cave without coming out. Furthermore, all they could eat was garlic andmugwort during that time. Both the tiger and the bear agreed.
The cave was dark and cramped. The tigertried to be as calm as she could but it was just unbearable. 3 days into the testshe gave up and bolted out. But the bear endured the ordeal. At the end of 40days she emerged from the cave transformed into a beautiful woman. When sheemerged one of the princes, sons of the God of the Sky saw her and fell inlove. He gave up being a prince of the Sky and came to Earth and wooed her andmarried her. They had a son who became Tangun, the Shaman-King that founded theKorean nation.
I told my son this foundation myth when hewas about 10. He commented that the story explains Korea today so well. He saidthat the bear was locked up in the cave forever for meaningless test that isunrelated to real life after the test. And then even when she passed, shechanged from being the top predator in the woods to a Korean woman - andprobably had to do all the cooking and cleaning. He then said kids in Koreaspend all their time preparing for high-stakes exams - whether it was the CivilService Exam in the old days or the college entrance exams these days. But evenif they pass, they end up working long hours for big companies. So both thebear and Korean kids spend tons of time taking a meaningless brutal tests, onlyto transform themselves into something they have no idea what they are gettinginto!
Initially, i thought Koreans were brethrento peoples like Manchurians and mongolians and other northern people. But aftersome research, to be honest i think that Korean peoples origins arecontroversial. The problem that i would like to address is that thearchaeological, anthropological, and perhaps even certain data related tohistory is not parallel with biological ones. For example, bronze age mandolinshaped daggers are found in both korea and parts of manchuria. By this, expertscan say that the people living in korea and southern manchuria share a commonorigin. Further more is the physical appearance. Koreans tend to resemble peopleslike Mongolians. Thats why when it comes to foreigners, koreans say they areless shy or timid towards mongolians and in many cases mistake them forkoreans. Also i think ive read from a page that koreas myths are very similarto those of the north and altai. Further more korean linguists insist that thekorean language is altaic in which also includes Mongolian. But advances in thestudy of Y cromosome lineages say something different. for example in a sampleof 85 men from seoul only 14 of them (16.5%) posessed a genetic marker known ashaplogroup C. This is in stark contrast to Mongolia where more than 50% of menare haplogroup C. Since the Y crhomosome does not recombine, its useful fortracking down human migrations and even if two men arent brothers, if they havethe same haplogroup it means they share a common male ancestor in the distantpast. These type of results are parallel to those studies using genome wide snparrays. In one study called Dissecting the genetic structure of korean populationusing genome wide snp arrays it states that koreans have relatively littlenorthern asian ancestry (21%). These advances in the study of human genescontradict the studies not using DNA which should pose a problem towards the 북방계 or Northern origin of Koreans theorywhich has been accepted as fact in Korean society.
Originally Answered: What's the origin ofKorean people?
I am sorry to say that I don’t really know. We are surely East Asianrelated to Mongolians, Turkish, Chinese and Japanese, but where are wereally from? And who were people before we got to Korean peninsula?
Since I am not a anthropologist norbiologist, I can only speculate. Only thing I can think of is to rely on to acreation myth that has been circulating over and over for a long time. Youprobably heard of “Ungnyeo Story” or “Dangun shinhwa”
The story goes like this : Once upon atime, there was a Hwanung, sort of a male god. He decided to go to earth anddiscovered that there were a tiger and a bear. Those animals wanted to marryhim. So he gave them a test. “You shall go to a cave and eat only garlic and mugwort. Don’t come out of the cave or otherwise you won’t turn into human. I only marry human.Sorry.” After 20 painful day of eating like a harbivore as a carnivore, thetiger left. The bear stayed and became human and married him and gave birth toDangun, a creator of Korea.
So here, we can assume that the creationmyth is somewhat related to real history. Though it may not be a correctassumption, but one can speculate. Maybe there were proto-Koreans who wereworshiping tigers and lived before current Koreans. And possibly new peoplefrom South Siberia who worship bears came to Korean peninsula, and end upwinning a war against proto-Koreans. Then a ethnic mixture happened and now wehave Korean.
It really doesn’t answer who were the proto-Koreans andwhere they are from, but I guess that’s something only a professional anthropologist and figure out.
Though, one thing for sure is that it ispopular among anthropologists to think that Koreans are partially related to ahuge racial group spread through East Asia, South Eastern Asia, Siberia andeven North/South America. I heard that it is still a ongoing study and thereare many theories out there, but peopular theory is that Korean is mostlyconsists of people who lived in Siberia and moved to Korean peninsular. Oneevidence is Mongolian Spot. It’s a blue spot that happens on your buttocks when you are a baby.Appernetly it happens to even sub-Saharan Africans, but that’s probably something out of our topic.
One of other evidence is Genericstudy(Look : 2.2 Genetic studies). There are something called “Haplogroup”, which is some kind of DNA marks that distinguishes differentheritage, and it shows that Koreans are highly related to Japanese and otherpeople in East Asian. One thing to see is that there is O2b Haplogroup thingthat is prant in Korean and Japanese, which (at least) suggests that therewere some relations between Koreans and Japanese that is uniquely a mutationthat happened in Korea and Japen…?
Well, like I said, I really don’t know. I am sorry. I hope that at leastit gave you something to think about.
Modern Koreans is a mixture of theinhabitants of Silla and Goguryeo, well edited by the Mongols (about 10%).
The inhabitants of Silla are a mixture ofJin and emigrant people from modern China, but not Han.
The city itself was founded by a peopleclose to the Dunlun. Just the part of Ama-Suchene has fled there.
The inhabitants of Jin are a mixture ofdifferent Paleo-Asians.
The inhabitants of Koguryo are thedescendants of the population of the Munmun culture.
Culture Munmun originated in modernMongolia 800 years before our era.
Then there the modern Mongols still did notlive.
The Old Japanese language dialect isGoguryeo, but only the majority of Japanese women, not men, from Goguryeo.
Manchus are very insignificant in theKorean ethnos. Most likely these are the so-called "butchers".
There are also Korean descendants of theVietnamese and Itelmen clan ruling.
Il Sung Kang
I now belive in the "BroadleafEvergreen Forest Culture" (照葉樹林文化論 / 조엽수림문화론) As the origin of the Yayoi People is near the Yangze-river, andKoreans are mostly Yayoi, supported by genetic tests this is the most plausibletheory.
Most of Korean genetic is Yayoi, with somesiberian influence(~5-15%).
This is hard to say. As you maybe know,there is no ethnic Group that is 100% pure, so we can guess that we are a mixof some different human tribes.
Scientists Analyse the DNA and Researchhistoric migrations routes to find ones ethnic origin. In case of Koreans it isa bit complicated.
Genetically we are related to chinese,japanese, manchurians and also southeast-asians.
our y-dann haplogroup consists of O3, O2b,C2e and a small amount of D2 and O2a.
The O3 is common in all east-asians.
The O2b is found mostly in Koreans andJapanese, but also found in some Manchurians and in some Indonesians.
The C2e is found in Koreans, in somemanchurians and in some paleosiberian ethnics, for example the nivkhs.
The D2 is mostly only found in Japanese andTibetans, but also sometimes in southeast-asians.
The O2a is found in southeast-asian andsometimes in chinese, japanese and koreans.
Historically we know that we entered thekorean pensuila mostly from North, but from where this People came is not sure.That there is a high amount on O2b and O3, it is to assume that the firstkoreans are not related with mongolians or turkic People. the c2e is mostlyrelated to paleosiberians, the ancient inhabidants of siberia before mongoliansand turkic tribes seatteld there. the little amount D2 and O2a is maybe fromjapanese influence.
autosomal genetic analyses say that we aremostly a northeast-asian ethnic Group, but we have no other direct relatedethnic. But there are similarities with japanese and also with some chinese.
Even today there is no census about theorigin of Korean language. Officially and also from most linguists it isclassificated as isolated language. A relation to mongolian/tungusic and turkicas altaic Family is seen as discredited and has no real supporet anymore. Arelation between japanese and korean is still disccused, but because of thelack of similar native vocabulary, most linguists thinks that similaritiesbetween japanese and korean are only because of language contact.
So i can not give a exact answer from whichplace the proto-korean originated. we only can say to what ethnic Group we arrelated today. Ths would be the Japanese, the chinese, some manchurians andsome south-east-asians.
I hope this helped.
the ABCC11 genetic dysfunction only occuredin a population once in human history, this happened in what is now mongolia/siberia40,000 years ago in 1 single group of people.
from this group mongols, manchus, chinese,korean, japanese, etc came about. agriculture developed in what is now China,the first of the region around 10000 years ago, so until 10,000 years ago we wereall nomadic tribes hunting and gathering, we were not affiliated with country,and shared our culture, religion, medicine, philosophy etc. this is why thingslike shamanism, wrestling, and medicine pre-date the era of kingdoms in eastasia.
around the time of agriculture the grouprapidly expanded, they faught against their neighbor tribes who kept stealingfrom them, since for the first time ever, there was stored surplus food.however this food was needed for the winter, so they could not easily just shareit, thus there became cultural divide between agriculture people and nomadicpeople. at the same time agriculture was spreading and 2000 years later around8000 years ago, it arrived in Korea where it was integrated into everyday life.Korea kept the tribal lifestyle for several thousand more years until around200 - 25BC the tribal confederacies became kingdoms officially with a rulingking and all that.
so what did Koreans do between 40,000BC and10,000 years ago? they moved! they slowly moved along everywhere, same withmanchu, mongols, chinese etc. people just moved around everywhere as much ofthe region was not inhabited as the pacific islander peoples who came from whatis now taiwan inhabited the southern regions of china and some in japan, howeverin early history much of what is happening was happening up in the north.
This means that until people were forced tosettle down permanently in 1 location due to agriculture advantages, we wereall 1 giant moving group separated by various family tribes. the people who sohappened to be in a certain location when agriculture hit them, were the peoplewho later became who we are now, respectively Koreans, Chinese, Japanese,Mongolian etc. etc.
The first Koreans were Australoids fromSouth China, who later continued northward and across the Bering Strait as thefirst prehistoric inhabitants of the Americas. They were joined in Korea at alater date by the Proto-Amerinds from Baikalia, ancestors of the NativeAmericans. The Jomon people (ancestorsof the Ainu) migrated up the island arc to Japan and crossed the strait tosettle in South Korea. Paleo-Siberians, ancestors of the Chukchi and Koryaks,came from the upper Yenisei valley to settle in North Korea before moving tothe farthest reaches of Eastern Asia. Finally the Proto-Koreans, an offshoot ofthe Proto-Altaics in Baikalia, settled in Manchuria soon after the end of theIce Age. They were pushed into the Korean peninsula by the ancestors of theTungus and Mongols, and absorbed all the other peoples that they found there.Later some Tungusic people came to the peninsula and were absorbed by theKoreans. Probably the closest relatives of today’s Korean people are the Tungusic people and the Paleo-Siberianpeople, but through admixture rather than a direct common origin.
it is thought that before the AltaicKoreans went to the Korean Peninsula around 2300 BC they had first lived in theLiao Peninsula where they had mixed with Austronesian indigenes who hadmigrated there from Shandong in very early times. These Austronesians hadoriginated in Taiwan before they settled the North Chinese coast and then Liao.This would explain why many Koreans have Southeast Asian genes and why earlyKorean legends have some Austronesian elements. The story of Suro descendingfrom heaven in an egg resembles Polynesian creation myths.
The Korean language of today is oftencalled an isolate, but it appears to be an ancient Paleo-Siberian language(probably related to Chukchi and Koryak) that has been extensively relexed andreshaped by an Altaic superstate. In any case, the Korean hybrid language nowbears little resemblance to either of its parent languages. It has evolved inisolation and has become a unique form. But it may not be a coincidence thatthe names of the Koreans and the Koryaks look very similar.
Originally Answered: What's the origin ofKorean people?
The origin maybe from a single celledorganism and via evolution
but with jokes aside if you are looking forthe another ethnic group Koreans tend to share a closer genetic similarity withTurks, Mongolians and Native Americans. As they all tend to trace back to aregion North of Korea closer to the Steppes/Siberia